The UK put its population into self-isolation and suspension of activities due to coronavirus on 23rd of March 2020. The unprecedented pandemic situation saw governments around the world taking similar steps to attempt to minimise the spread of the virus. While the majority of people, here in the UK, stayed at home, with the exception of key workers, the majority of shops, restaurants, schools, offices, factories, and airports were shut down. Now, after almost seven weeks, some businesses are slowly reopening, while others remain shut. But could this break in continuity in doing our jobs and/or using vital equipment on a daily basis pose the danger of rusty returns syndrome? Seven weeks is not a long time, one might argue. However, there are many activities or disciplines that require agility and alertness; and our being out of practice does them no good. There are drivers not driving cars on motorways; pilots not flying aeroplanes; workers not using complex machinery in factories; surgeons not performing complicated surgeries. Not doing these activities over too long a time can make the people who usually do them a little rusty on their return.

All around the globe, activities conducted on a daily basis suddenly stopped. Rows of aeroplanes have been parked away, no longer in use. British Airways fleet comprises 311* aeroplanes, but 96% of all passenger flights are currently not operating. In their factories, businesses have suspended the operation of great swathes of machinery, as Jaguar Land Rover did in March 2020**.

And a great number of private cars around the country have been parked and are not being driven. What happens to all of them while they are not being used? They get rusty and impaired.

As well as machines not being used, many skills that require to be exercised daily are becoming impaired and out of practice too. Aircraft pilots who used to fly every day have not flown for the last seven weeks. The mechanics, engineers and technicians who maintain their planes on a daily basis, have not seen an aeroplane’s engine for a while. Air traffic controllers have not seen an aeroplane for a similar length of time; while the same air-traffic controllers who guide the same planes to safety are no longer in a position having to maintain the same levels of alertness on a daily basis while in lockdown. The drivers of those undriven cars have not been on motorways for some time either. Surgeons who once performed complicated and detailed surgery are no longer exercising the concentration of mind and steady hands that are vital elements of their medical skills.  And children, for whom seven weeks is a very long time, are out of practice in terms of the daily collective discipline of the classroom, so important in the process of education; and they are no longer exercising the same levels of alertness and intensive concentration required for regular reading, writing and mathematics. The list of possibly impaired skills as a result of prolonging the self-isolation period is endless.

There are also rusty syndromes on the emotional level, especially those involving being separated from elderly members of the family or those with specific health conditions. Seeing these people in person is an important part of our lives. Not seeing them, worrying about them and not being able to do anything about it causes pain and feeling of helplessness. Our deepest feelings are being forcibly quashed.

The consequences of suspending aspects of lives are enormous. As the saying goes: “Use it or lose it”. However protective the practice of isolation due to coronavirus pandemic is, the very suspension of activities leads to consequences that will make returning to them that much more difficult and, in some cases, possibly much less safe. It is best to avoid getting rusty.

* facts


Reading time: 3 min


As to a professional, fully qualified beauty therapist, the issue of maintaining hygiene comes easily to me. Adequate hygiene is the first principle of providing beauty care treatments and services.

In a beauty salon.

The Oxford English dictionary defines hygiene as: “Conditions or practices conductive to maintaining health and preventing disease, especially through cleanliness”

From a beauty therapist’s point of view, hygiene is a science that deals with a healthful living. It applies to both personal and public hygiene. Public hygiene or sanitation refers to the steps taken by authorities to promote health of the general public.

The authorities have measures in place to ensure clean air, uncontaminated food and water, adequate sewerage infrastructure. They are also responsible for controlling disease and providing adequate medical facilities.

Hygiene on personal level from the beauty care point of view, is concerned with thoughtful care being taken by an individual to preserve their health and that of others, by following rules of healthy living such as: cleanliness, oral hygiene, good posture, sufficient exercise, adequate sleep,  a balanced diet and health-giving thoughts.

Some beauty problems may be seen as signs of health problems, for example sluggish circulation, lack of fresh air, improper diet. To maintain or improve your health and appearance, according to beauty therapy science, you need to follow hygienic rules of living. These rules have been developed as a result of the collection of knowledge and experience over long period of time.

These rules of hygiene include advise on eating well balanced meals at regular intervals, consisting of enough of the right kind of foods that will keep your immune system more resistant, and drinking sufficiently in order to stay hydrated. Practicing exercise and recreation leads to the improvement of the body’s better absorption of food and better blood circulation, which in turn provides more oxygen to the body. A recommended moderate amount of sunshine adds vigour and helps to supply body with essential vitamin D.*

Fatigue caused by work, exercise, mental effort or worry should be followed by period of rest and relaxation. Overexertion and lack of rest tend to drain the body of its vitality as well as inactivity can deprive the body of its energy. An adequate 7 hours, so called, a beauty sleep, is recommended to recover. This advice comes from the beauty industry.

To maintain health and healthy living there are general guide rules provided by NHS in UK.

That include:

  • Wash your body often. If possible, have shower or bath every day.
  • Clean your teeth for two minutes twice a day.
  • Wash hair with shampoo, frequency depends on type of your hair.
  • Wash your hands before and after eating or touching food, after using the toilet, after sneezing/coughing and after touching pets.
  • Wear clean cloth that are washed regularly.
  • Turn away from other people and cover the nose and mouth with a tissue or hand when coughing or sneezing. If this is not done droplets that come from nose and mouth will be spread in the air and other people can breathe them in, or the droplets can get onto food.

These are general rules, understood and practiced, which will keep an individual healthy in everyday life under normal circumstances.

We also understand, that when we are visiting an ill person in a hospital, we need to take an extra care observing the rules of hygiene. We may be asked to sanitise our hands before entering the ward, to wear a face mask and protective gloves, or not to sit on the patient’s bed. If we observe that some hygiene care rules are relaxed in that hospital, we have the right to complain about it to the right authorities.

The Coronavirus (COVID-19) sickness caused by SARS-Cov-2 virus is an infectious disease. It is not contained, for now, and it is spreading currently outside hospitals. The infection can be picked up in public places through infected surfaces or droplets that come out from mouth or nose when an infected person coughs or sneezes. The latest scientific information indicate that the novel coronavirus can also be airborne. In study published March 18, 2020, in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers found that SARS-Cov-2 remains contagious in aerosols, like droplets from coughing, for three hours (that research was done in a highly controlled laboratory setting). According to Dr.Harvey Fineberg MD,PhD,** “particles may travel through and linger in the air simply by talking or breathing near someone…So, viral particles could hang around even without  the force of a cough or sneeze behind them.”  Experts just don’t know yet for how long the aerosol droplets linger in the air**. The disease is there. We feel shocked and helpless in face of what it does to our lives.

However, while faced with this situation, even if we do not have a medication yet at hand, we are not totally helpless. To help combat the disease that is paralysing our lives, we can observe the rules of hygiene scrupulously, this is our remedy for now, and by doing so control the spread of the virus. If we leave the virus long enough to lie there on surfaces or linger in the air, without transferring it through our actions into our bodies (which become its hosts), it will just wither away. The virus can only continue on being active when it infects an organism during crucial for its life – time (its own critical time, before the time is out).

By observing basic hygiene like washing our hands, remembering not to touch the openings of our body in ways that may be transferring the virus into the body, it will stay unattended until it withers away.

Wearing face masks in public places and looking after them adequately is a great aid in combating the virus. This type of preventive action minimises the risk of infection.


***This type of face mask is the only type that can help to protect from inhaling the coronavirus – Equivalent to N95 Face Mask

While wearing a face masks and protective gloves, keeping hands clean or wearing protective clothing can be essential in protecting ourselves and others from the infection. However, it is of essential importance how we dispose of these helpful tools when we take them off, so we do not spread the infection through wrongly handling used face masks, gloves, and protective clothing at the end of the day, after we have been relying on them for protection.

If we come across the virus during the day, while being outside, it can linger on our clothes, the shoes and on preventive face masks and gloves. On returning home, we should give careful thought as to how to enter the house in order to keep the virus out.

Shoes can be taken off. Coats can be kept by the door.

Personally, I wear a protective overall when I go out. On returning home I take it off outside the door along with my shoes, and take both straight to the bathroom, where I wash them to be ready for the next time I go out. I wash my face mask and my disposable gloves with very warm water and soap, regardless of whether I dispose of them or keep them to reuse.

According to WHO the coronavirus is killed in 56 degrees C, so using hot water where possible is advisable. I wash all my shopping and pour boiling water on raw fruit and vegetables before consuming them, although this is not what I would normally do. Taking these steps, I imagine – and somehow know – that I am successfully getting rid of the virus, if it is there

Yes, these are elaborate behaviours, and coming home now takes an extra half hour, but in my view, this is what needs to be done. Only then I feel I have done my best.

We do not deserve such an infectious disease caused by this virus, so why not use all my might and patience to stop it attacking our health, while I have the knowledge of the hygiene measures that can stop it.

Some people see wearing face masks as a declaration of belonging to some political orientation, and that alone discourages or stops them from using face masks as an effective protective measure.

If you understand, how hygiene works in fight against an infectious disease, then you will feel free and enthusiastic about using face masks as an additional protective measure for yourself and others, and it will make sense to do so.

Some experts see wearing face masks as effective, if not more, than social distancing, in fight against the virus.

There are three types of face masks. N95*** face mask, surgical face masks and DIY face masks. N95 type are the only type, that help to protect from inhaling the coronavirus because of the material they are made of and their fitting to the face   shape. The other two type are mainly helping to prevent spreading the virus.

By observing personal hygiene and public hygiene. By not attending suspected contaminated surfaces for a specific length of time ( the virus stays on surfaces for only a limited period); by minimising the transfer of the virus from one surface to another and humans through restrictions on public movement, by wearing face masks (N95*** are most protective) and other protective clothing, by remembering not to transfer the virus by touching our faces with possibly infected hands (self-discipline), so we do not become the virus’ hosts; when we maintain these measures all at once for long enough, the virus should wither away, according to the information we have about it. This can be achieved through a joint effort, even if we need to go out, but remain vigilant about keeping it away from ourselves and others.

You can maintain social distancing by keeping apart 2 to 3 meters, by staying at home or by both wearing protective clothing when out and dealing with each other.

These preventive measures require us to observe the hygiene rules outlined above.  Wearing face masks and protective gloves consistently, and only if adequately handling them when disposing of them or if re-using them, provides helpful and effective measure.

Keeping our bodies well looked after will help us to be resistant to infection, but if we are unfortunately infected, we will be that much stronger.

It is the time for looking after ourselves and others with a particular goal in mind: getting our lives back to normal.

*“Standard Textbook of Cosmetology” by Constance V. Kibbe

**Is Coronavirus Airborne? What to know About Whether Or Not COVID-19 Can Stay In The Air;

By Lauren Krouse, April 6th 2020.

*** N95 – USA code DIY masks to fight coronavirus. But do they

actually work?  By Lorenzo Reyes


KN95- China code

KF94- Korea code

FFP2- EU code including UK – they are basically almost the same, Aim to stop 95%, 94% of particles and droplets 0.3 microns in size.

Reading time: 9 min

 It is a well- known fact that Polish people in Britain have a long tradition of having organised Polish Cultural Centres, as well as chains of shops, selling their favourite food products. Recently this type of initiative has extended to developing a very successful net of private and affordable Polish Health Centres, that are opened to all. 

Tooting Medical Centre sent out the following information to their patients and asked to spread the word. 

About Coronavirus 

NOTE: This article is to give information and it is not medical advice. If you have any symptoms of infection with the virus, call 111 – NHS Services.

If you have a runny nose and sputum with a cold, then it cannot be a new type of pneumonia with coronavirus, because infection leading to pneumonia with the coronavirus COVID-19 is a dry cough without a runny nose. This is the easiest first way to determine if you need to worry about being infected with COVID -19 virus. Also, this time, the Wuhan virus is not heat resistant and will be killed at 26-27 degrees Celsius. It is advised, therefore, to drink more hot water to prevent this disease. Drinking hot water is a must. Although this is not a cure, it will be beneficial to your body. Not only that! Drinking hot water is effective in the fight against all viruses. Try not to drink drinks with ice at all, remember – this is now extremely important. Walk more in the sun.   

More tips on combating coronavirus:

   1. It is a fairly large size (the cell diameter is about 400-500 nm), so any ordinary Hygiene Face Mask (not only the N95 function) should be able to filter out this virus. However, when someone infected sneezes in front of you, they spit out infected with the virus sputum, for a distance of about 3 meters (about 10 feet), before sneezed out droplets fall to the ground and no longer stay airborne.


2 When the virus falls onto a metal surface, it will live there for at least 12 hours. Therefore, remember that if you come into contact with any metal surface, it is necessary to wash your hands thoroughly with soap.


3. The virus may remain active on clothing fabric for 6-12 hours. Conventional laundry detergent should kill the    virus. For winter clothes, that do not require daily washing, you can put them in the sun (or on a hot radiator or in the oven) to kill the virus.


Information on the symptoms of pneumonia caused by coronavirus COVID-19:

  1. First, this virus will infect the throat, then there will be a feeling of dryness in the sore throat, which will last 3-4 days.
  1. Then the virus combines with the nasal fluid that drips into the trachea and enters the lungs, causing an infection leading to pneumonia. This process will last from 5 to 6 days.
  1. With pneumonia, there is a high fever and shortness of breath. At the same time, hyperemia of the nasal mucosa is not like the usual congestion of the nasal mucosa – a person will feel as if drowning in water. It is important to IMMEDIATELY consult a doctor, if a person has this feeling, or call 111. 

About prevention: 

  1. The most common way of contracting the virus is through touching people, so try not to touch people and wash hands frequently. The virus can live on hands, on average for 5-10 – up to 30 minutes, but in these 5-10-30 minutes, a lot can happen (a person can unwittingly rub his/her eyes or runny nose). 
  1. Beside frequent hand washing, it is highly advisable and beneficial to rinse the throat with Betadine, to eliminate or minimise germs that are still in the throat (before they start dripping into the lungs), as well as to rinse the nose in the nostrils. Be very careful at all times and drink as much water as possible.

“There is no evidence that hot drinks will protect against viral infections, says Ron Eccles, an expert in respiratory diseases at Cardiff University in the UK and former director of the Common Cold Centre.

According to WHO it is 56 (°C) that kills SARS – coronavirus.

The more explanation we have how COVID-19 can infect and how to prevent such infection the better we can cope.

Reading time: 3 min


Nicolaus Copernicus

Our mental attitudes and the perception of the world have been changing throughout history. Initially, human attention was directed to the sky. People looked up to the sky to estimate the time and to tell which way to go when travelling. Astronomers and astrologers looked to the sky not only to tell time and direction, but also to observe the world and life. People had a geocentric perception of the world which placed the Earth and human beings at the centre of the Universe.

When the clock was invented, along with roads, road signs and maps, the human mind was freed from paying attention to the sky during the course of an ordinary day. Today many of us have hardly any of the detailed knowledge about the sky that was so necessary in the past.

By the fifteenth century, humanity was ready for a higher truth, and the Polish astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus managed to establish this truth about the structure of the world. Significantly, he managed to do so with the use of a very few simple instruments and only his naked eye. His inspiration, natural ability to observe and education as well as the help of a few clever pieces of equipment allowed him to observe the real structure of the world.



Triquetrum – instrument for Astrometry ( reconstruction)

Kwadrant (reconstruction)











Nicolaus Copernicus’s magnum opus was De revolutionibus orbium coelestium (“The Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies”)and it  was a success. Despite the difficulties with censorship at the time, it was published in 1543 in an edition of 500 copies, and it made publicly available the heliocentric model of the universe as the real structure of the world.

This presented new challenges for the human mind, which had to change from knowing and visualising the Earth as the centre of the universe to being able to acknowledge and visualise that the Earth spins around the Sun. Today this seems quite obvious to us, but at the time it must have been a disturbing and difficult thing to do.

As a natural philosopher, Nicolaus Copernicus successfully accomplished great things in his beloved field of astronomy, leaving us a new awareness of the universe. His accomplishment was built on solid ground.

He expresses this in his writings:

“What is however more beautiful over the sky, over the gatherings of all the beauties to which words like ‘coelum’ and ‘mundus’ itself point out, of which one means purity and the ornament and the other the ingenious canopy of heavens, by many philosophers for its extraordinariness ‘a visible divinity’ have been named.

If we want to value natural philosophies according to the value of the subject of interest, the first place will go to what some call astronomy, others astrology, and many of the ancients have called the peak of mathematical science. This, standing in the first place of liberated natural philosophies, is worthy of a noble thinking man.”

“It is a godly, rather than a manly ability.”

“From among many numerous and various natural sciences and arts that enrich the human mind, according to my opinion, those above all deserve commitment and devotion with one’s whole strength that follow the most beautiful and worthy matters. Such are the natural sciences, whose subjects are the wonderful revolutions of the world, the motions of the planets, their sizes and distances, their sunrises and their sunsets and the reasons of all other phenomena observed on the sky that explain the whole structure of the world.”

“Isn’t it the most beautiful and most lofty praise, worthy of the most poetic verses – this great natural science?”

“The destiny, the purpose of all of the pretty sciences is to draw human thought away from error and towards the good. Astronomy, along with its inexpressible attraction for the mind, more successfully than any other science can achieve that purpose.”

“For which of the investigators will the sight of those things, so splendidly arranged by God’s providence and with careful thinking over of them and getting used to them, not enkindle virtue and end with admiration for the Creator of the Universe, in which everything good and all happiness is contained?”

Nicolaus Copernicus knew what ‘reality’ meant, was courageous and very cautious in what he did, and was guided throughout his career by his inspiration, maturity and the truth about life. Of those who presented their theories before him on unjustified foundations Copernicus wrote:

“They also have not observed, nor have they concluded from their assumptions the main and, yes, the most important subject of what the real structure of the world is and the certain order of the arrangements of its parts.

From that point of view, one could compare them to one who, out of various paintings, taking hands, head and other parts of the body – beautifully painted admittedly – but not belonging to one body, and joined and put them together. These parts not suiting each other by any means and not by any measure, they would thus present us with more of a monster than a human form.

So then, in the way of argument that they describe as a method, we see them either leaving out what is necessary or accepting what is foreign to the subject and does not belong to it. And exactly this would not have happened, if they had kept to the same unchanged laws. Because if the laws they used were not mistaken, everything that comes about by keeping to them would turn out to be the truth without fail.”

Nicolaus Copernicus was known as an astronomer, mathematician, lawyer, physician, writer, translator and economist. His work Modus cudendi monetae (“The Way to Strike Coin”), written and published in 1519, observed a monetary law which states: ‘Bad money tends to push out good money from circulation’. He also explained the meaning of ‘nominal value’. Today this law is known as Gresham’s law or as the Gresham–Copernicus law.

“A coin loses its value particularly due to its great increase in numbers. That is, when such a great quantity of silver is turned into coin that people chase more after the mass of the silver than they need the coin and when it is seen in the melting of the coin a greater gain.

The value of the coin drops for various reasons: either because of the lack of the material itself, when… there is more than there should be… of copper, or because of the lack of the appropriate weight, despite the fair share of copper, or in the end for both of these reasons.”

When the value of the coin circulating at the time dropped and trade become difficult, Copernicus wrote: ‘But which one of the foreign traders would like to exchange their goods for a copper coin? Which one of ours would finally get goods in exchange for such coinage?’

The great astronomer was a highly educated man with many talents, and after closer acquaintance with his work, many of us might be affected in different aspects of life in various ways. For me, as Copernicus also said that in astronomy the sky sometimes needs to be observed throughout the generations before one can arrive at knowledge and conclusions, I cannot resist comparing the observation of the life and the world through the observation of the sky to that of a  present way of studying the world and human life by observing genes and genetic codes. In light of Copernicus’s opinions quoted above, it puzzles me how quickly the genetic knowledge about our bodies’ fundamental structures has progressed in our lifetime, and how the practice of genetic modification through genetic engineering and editing has appeared after a relatively short time. It takes years of observing the sky to spot the patterns of astronomical phenomena, and I wonder how many phenomena essential to our life on the genetic level,which are also subjects to the sky and time, are being missed or disturbed by the great hurry of genetic scientists.



Hartleb Kazimierz “Mikołaj Kopernik” Nakładem Uniwersytetu Mikołaja Kopernika, Toruń  1948

Rybka Eugeniusz,Rybka Przemysław”Mikołaj Kopernik i Jego Nauka” Warszawa 1953

Reading time: 7 min

2019 is a new era for fighting climate change. Recent headlines are telling us that we have 12 years to prevent the predicted climate change catastrophes. Alongside this, the UN reports that if the rate of waste production continues, by 2050 our oceans will carry more plastics than fish. These astonishing facts have instilled shock and promoted a new appetite for Green Consumerism.

Green Consumerism is a movement which allows consumers to take responsibility for their buying-power and address environmental issues through opting for more environmentally friendly solutions. Because of this, people are now beginning to ditch their ‘go-to’ beauty products for plastic-free, cruelty-free and more organic based products in the fight towards combatting our impact on the planet. Despite challenges, we are now living in a more conscious society, so the products available are growing and our journey towards Green Consumerism is flourishing. The appeal of non-toxic, sustainable ingredients and brands with missions to limit waste has grown, with more of us joining the fight against climate change. So, for those who have yet to start the journey or want to gain ideas, you probably want to know your options.

One global brand leading the way is Aveda; a botanical hair and skincare brand, with stores in London.


Another brand pioneering this change is Lush, a UK based company with stores in London.Their priority is held in packaging. This focus is important, with ‘Zero Waste Week’ statistics suggesting that the beauty sector alone contributes over 142 billion units of packaging per year, most ending up in landfill or in our oceans. Aveda, however, is making a change. They were the first beauty company to use 100% post-consumer recycled PET plastic and are now turning their eye to more eco-friendly options; bioplastics. This material has similar properties to plastic, however, is derived primarily from sugarcane rather than petrochemical-derived plastics, meaning it is more sustainable and better for the environment.


They have an unwavering commitment to sustainable packaging, claiming they save 3 million plastic bottles from landfill with their shampoo bars which last 3 times longer than an average liquid bottle. The shampoo bars are tiny too, taking up to 15 times less space than one bottle of liquid shampoo, meaning that transportation in lorries to stores nationwide produces less CO2 emissions. As a space saving size, it is also perfect for those who travel.


As for the product and ingredients within, this can be a little more challenging to get right. Most of us are more conscious about what we use, and so we are on the hunt for sustainable, toxic-free and organic products. However, the challenge comes with the ingredients being less stable and the difficulties changing them. Take Vitamin C for example, the popular skin revising ingredient used in a collection of cosmetic items, can destabilise, rendering it useless if it isn’t packaged properly. However, the new skincare brand, Privise, have found the solution. By adding two new vitamins to the product, Vitamin B5 and B3, they were able to stabilise Vitamin C and also create a 2-in-1 product, which has the added benefit of saving packaging throughout the supply chain. Unfortunately, Privise is a Scandinavian based company and ordering products online for UK shipping doesn’t seem wholly appealing for eco-warriors. Despite this, the development in altering the ingredients in products is essential for promoting environmentally friendly options and we hope that these initiatives become fostered in UK-based companies.

Independent companies are also trying their shot at eco beauty products. One such online-based company aiming to increase accessibility of eco beauty is

Real and Natural

They offer AVA Laboratories of Poland beauty products, alongside beauty care accessories, all of which are eco-certified. Their aim is to provide products that are locally and naturally sourced, protecting nature whilst utilising its’ benefits for the beauty industry. They also hope to aid the fight against climate change by promoting organic products with minimum environmental pollution.

Researching the options available to us takes time, and despite the growing market for products which promise waste reduction and better ingredients, the challenge of finding suitable items remains. My hope for the future is the continued development of beauty products which make plastic-free, cruelty-free and toxin-free living as accessible as the items we commonly see stocked in supermarkets and cosmetic stores today. There is hope for our planet and beauty industry, but only if we, as the consumers, promote the change

Reading time: 3 min
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